The state opted to challenge the decision with the nation's highest court rather than request a review from the entire 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver. That option is now off the table, no matter what the high court decides.
[caption id="attachment_47917" align="alignright" width="300"] Utah Gov. Gary Herbert speaks during a news conference Wednesday, June 25, 2014, in Salt Lake City. A federal appeals court on Wednesday ruled for the first time that states must allow gay couples to marry, finding the Constitution protects same-sex relationships and putting a remarkable legal winning streak across the country one step closer to the U.S. Supreme Court. Herbert said he was disappointed with the panel's decision and believes states should determine their own laws regarding same-sex marriage. He hopes the high court will rule on the issue to provide clarity. "We can't get finality and final resolution unless the Supreme Court hears the case and makes a decision," Herbert said at a news conference. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)[/caption]
Utah Attorney General Sean Reyes' office said in a statement the appeal will be filed in the coming weeks. "Attorney General Reyes has a sworn duty to defend the laws of our state," the statement said.
The Supreme Court is under no obligation to hear the appeal, and there is no deadline to make a decision, said William Eskridge, a law professor at Yale University. The three-judge 10th Circuit panel put its June 25 ruling on hold pending an appeal.
The Utah case is certain to pique the Supreme Court's interest, but the justices usually look for cases that involve split rulings from federal appeals courts, said Douglas NeJaime, a University of California-Irvine law professor. The court may wait and take up the matter after one or more of the five other appeals courts with pending gay marriage cases has ruled.
The 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals heard arguments about Virginia's ban in early May, and a ruling is expected soon. Arguments are scheduled for August and September in two different courts for cases out of Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Nevada and Idaho.
Eskridge doesn't expect a quick decision from the high court.
"Why make a decision on the Utah case until they see what the other circuits are going to do?" Eskridge said.