The bipartisan bill approved unanimously Thursday would also require police to obtain warrants before using drones to collect evidence. Police could use drones freely in certain emergency situations like manhunts or rescue operations.
The Senate previously passed the bill on a voice vote. It now heads to Gov. Scott Walker.
The bill comes as many states and local governments are considering similar limits in the face of an expanding use of the technology.
The proposal also would make it a felony to sell, possess or operate a weaponized drone.